What is the Ilizarov Technique?
The Ilizarov method is a surgery involving an orthopedic external fixator applied to the limb to reconstruct, reshape or lengthen bones (usually of the limb).
External fixation is a surgical treatment where rods are screwed through an incision into the affected bone and exit the body to be attached to a stabilizing structure outside of the body.
Ilizarov surgery involves the use of a special device called an ‘Ilizarov apparatus or Ilizarov fixator’. It is recommended in cases that are not amenable to other reconstruction techniques.
This is a set of external fixators comprising rings (2-6), rods, adjustable nuts, and Kirschner wires (a type of stabilization wire/pin used in orthopedic surgery). The device works by a principle called “distraction osteogenesis” (osteo – bone, genesis – formation). Osteogenesis means the development and formation of bones.